What is Erythritol
Erythritol is a natural product with a very unfortunate chemical sounding name. It should not be confused with artificial sweeteners.
It is a sugar alcohol (but contains neither sugar nor alcohol!) made by fermenting the natural sugars found in fruits and vegetables, in most cases it is made from corn. It is about 70% as sweet as sugar.
Erythritol has a very low Glycemic Index (GI) of only 1 and does not raise blood sugar levels. Other sugar alcohols such as Maltitol (though they can be classed as sugar free) have a much higher GI of around 35. Sugar by the way has a GI of 65 and glucose 100.
Erythritol is very low in calories, at only 0.2 calories per gram.
We all know sugar is bad for our teeth. Acid forming Sugar feeds the harmful bacteria allowing them to multiply, causing tooth decay. Sugar alcohols are quite different. They help balance the PH levels in our mouths, therefore do not cause tooth decay.
In fact, experiments with both Erythritol and Xylitol has proved that they can significantly reduce dental cavities and reduce plaque growth.
Sugar alcohols if consumed in large quantities can sometimes cause minor digestive problems such as diarrhoea and gas, but Erythritol is recognised as the easiest to digest. With Erythritol, over 90% is absorbed in the small intestine so only a very small amount reaches the colon where any problems may occur.